The Effect of Socio-Cultural Norms on Female Labor Force Participation in Afghanistan

Parlaktuna İ., Sidiqi S.

Kadın/Woman 2000, vol.21, no.2, pp.19-41, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: Kadın/Woman 2000
  • Journal Indexes: Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.19-41
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


This study based on the review of literature in general and in
Afghanistan, collected quantitative data through sequentially
structured questionnaires to evaluate the effect of culture on female
labor force participation in Afghanistan. In this purpose, the study aims
to use two types of data source of primary and secondary data, wherein
the primary data were obtained from randomly selected Afghan women,
and the secondary data were collected from the World Bank to
determine the main research question on whether socio-cultural norms
affect the employability of women by taking into consideration other
related questions of: do demographic factors such as marital status
affect the employability of women in Afghanistan? And does education
increase the likelihood of women in the labor market, which are the
cornerstones of understanding the culture of the country discussed
under the determinants of Afghanistan. Despite the existing
information, the research subject in this thesis is still a new research
area, where there is not much data and literature information to guide
the study better. However, the mixture of both primary and secondary
data alongside the information gathered across Afghanistan lead the
study to gain closer insights to analyze women’s situation in economy.
Though majority of the participants were educated but the results
provide evidence following the main research questions answer based on
the purpose of the study that, socio-cultural norms affect women’s
employability regardless of their educational level, employment status
and the regions level of development.