Engineers of the concrete technology are increasingly concerned with the material passing through a sieve of the size under 0.149 mm. Materials called very fine aggregate or mineral filler may affect the performance of concrete in an either positive or a negative way. Discussions on aggregate containing very fine material are vitally important. Washing the aggregate residue has been the sole way to solve this matter to date. This is mainly based on the debatable opinion that materials of this kind are regarded as clay material. The goal of the study was to determine how the content of mineral filler might affect properties of concrete. Two types of aggregates with different amounts of cement and mineral filler were used. Basically, mineral filler replaced sand. The effect of applying different amounts of mineral filler on concrete was then determined. The addition of 7 - 10% of mineral filler to fine aggregate (0 - 2 nun) was found to considerably improve the properties of concrete. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.