Objectives: In chronic kidney disease, both bleeding and thrombotic complications are observed, although with expected recovery after a successful transplant. Adiponectin has protective properties with respect to atherogenesis and inflammation. Plasma adiponectin levels are markedly elevated among patients with end-stage renal disease and are lower after kidney transplant. However, this topic is still debated in the literature. Here, we evaluated the effect of transplant on platelet function markers (P-selectin and platelet aggregation) and adiponectin in renal transplant patients.