Social Jetlag in adolescents: From a nursing perspective


USLU E., ÖZSABAN A., ÇAĞAN Ö.

Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, vol.34, no.4, pp.276-282, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jcap.12332
  • Journal Name: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, EMBASE, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.276-282
  • Keywords: adolescent, chronotype, nursing, sleep, social Jetlag, MORNINGNESS-EVENINGNESS, SLEEP DURATION, CHRONOTYPE, MISALIGNMENT, ASSOCIATION, ADAPTATION, STUDENTS, HEALTH, MATTER, RISK
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLCProblem: Social Jetlag (SJL) is a condition leading to many important physical, mental, behavioral, and cognitive problems in adolescents. Methods: The sample of this study, which used a descriptive and correlational design, consisted of 247 high school students. The SJL parameters were informed by the literature, while chronotype was identified using the Morningness-Eveningness Scale for Children. The factors associated with SJL were determined using a structured questionnaire. Findings: Students' SJL value was 2 h 10 min ± 01:11. As students' tendency to be an evening chronotype increased, the SJL value increased, as well (r = −0.472; p < 0.001). In terms of SJL, student's grade level (β = −0.167; p = 0.004) and chronotype (β = −0.438; p < 0.001) were a negative risk factor, while spending time in bed with TV/computer/smartphone before sleeping (β = 0.127; p = 0.031) was a positive risk factor. Conclusions: The students had a high SJL value. The results might be useful for nurses to develop intervention strategies to improve adolescents sleep habits.