Prevalence and predictors of dysmenorrhea among students at a university in Turkey

ÖZERDOĞAN N. , Sayiner D., Ayranci U., ÜNSAL A. , Giray S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS, vol.107, no.1, pp.39-43, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.05.010
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-43


Objective: To determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Turkish university students and to evaluate the effects of sociodemographic characteristics on the condition. Method: A cross-sectional survey of 857 students conducted by questionnaire in April 2007 at a university in Turkey. A visual analogue scale was used to assess the severity of dysmenorrhea. Data were analyzed using the chi(2) test and logistic regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 55.5% (444 out of 800 women). Risk of dysmenorrhea was approximately 1.5-times higher in women with a satisfactory spending allowance (OR 1.49; 95% Cl, 1.5-2.13); 3.5-times higher in women with a family history of dysmenorrhea (OR 3.48; 95% Cl, 2.54-4.78); 1.5-times higher in women who were underweight compared with overweight/obese women (OR 1.52; 95% Cl 0.99-2.33); 1.6-times higher in women who reported a history of smoking (OR 1.57; 95% Cl, 1.10-2.25); and 1.8-times higher in women with an excessive sugar intake (OR 1.77; 95% Cl, 1.15-2.72). Conclusion: The high prevalence of dysmenorrhea among Turkish university students is a significant health problem that requires attention. (C) 2009 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.