Trivalent Ions and Their Impacts on Effective Conductivity at 300 K and Radio-Protective Behaviors of Bismo-Borate Glasses: A Comparative Investigation for Al, Y, Nd, Sm, Eu

Almisned G., Tekin H. O., Bilal G., Ene A., Kılıç G., Issa S. A. M., ...More

MATERIALS, vol.14, no.19, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/ma14195894
  • Journal Name: MATERIALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: bismo-borate glasses, trivalent ions, rare-earth, effective conductivity, Py-MLBUF, radiation shielding, MASS ATTENUATION COEFFICIENTS, RADIATION SHIELDING PROPERTIES, EFFECTIVE ATOMIC NUMBERS, ELECTRON-DENSITIES, III OXIDE, DEPENDENCE, LEAD, WO3
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


We aimed to determine the contribution of various trivalent ions like Al and rare-earths (Y, Nd, Sm, Eu) on resistance behaviors of different types of bismo-borate glasses. Accordingly, eight different bismuth borate glasses from the system: 40Bi(2)O(3)-59B(2)O(3)-1Tv(2)O(3) (where Tv = Al, Y, Nd, Sm, and Eu) and three glasses of (40Bi(2)O(3)-60B(2)O(3); 37.5Bi(2)O(3)-62.5B(2)O(3); and 38Bi(2)O(3)-60B(2)O(3)-2Al(2)O(3)) compositions were extensively investigated in terms of their nuclear attenuation shielding properties, along with effective conductivity and buildup factors. The Py-MLBUF online platform was also utilized for determination of some essential parameters. Next, attenuation coefficients, along with half and tenth value layers, have been determined in the 0.015 MeV-15 MeV photon energy range. Moreover, effective atomic numbers and effective atomic weight, along with exposure and energy absorption buildup factors, were determined in the same energy range. The result showed that the type of trivalent ion has a direct effect on behaviors of bismo-borate glasses against ionizing gamma-rays. As incident photon energy increases, the effective thermal conductivity decreases rapidly, especially in the low energy range, where photoelectric effects dominate the photon-matter interaction. Sample 8 had the minimum heat conductivity at low photon energies; our findings showed that Eu-reinforced bismo-borate glass composition, namely 40Bi(2)O(3)-59B(2)O(3)-1Eu(2)O(3), with a glass density of 6.328 g/cm(3) had superior gamma-ray attenuation properties. These outcomes would be useful for the scientific community to observe the most suitable additive rareearth type and related glass composition for providing the aforementioned shielding properties, in terms of needs and utilization requirements.