The effects of thiopental on cold ischemic injury in renal transplantation

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Büyük B., Adali Y., KARAKOÇ E., EROĞLU H. A., AYDEĞER C.

Folia medica, vol.65, no.1, pp.30-36, 2023 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3897/folmed.65.e71368
  • Journal Name: Folia medica
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.30-36
  • Keywords: animal study, cold ischemia, kidney transplantation, thiopental
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


INTRODUCTION: One of the most important factors influencing post-transplant success in kidney transplantation is preserving the viability of the organ from removal to transfer into the recipient. AIM: This study aimed to reduce the energy requirement with thiopental doses administered before organ transplantation, and to increase the organ viability by minimizing the tissue damage during the cold ischemia process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty female Wistar albino rats were divided into two groups: control group (group C), and thiopental group (group T). In group C, a midline incision was performed, and the renal artery was isolated under ketamine and xylazine anesthesia. A standard organ storage solution (cooled to +4°C) was used for kidney perfusion. Nephrectomy was applied, and the removed kidneys were placed into +4°C standard organ storage solution and stored at +4°C for 12 hours. Animals in group T were subjected to the procedures explained above under 85 mg/kg thiopental sodium anesthesia. After 12-hour storage, samples from the kidney tissues were fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin. Histopathological evaluation and apoptosis detection via TUNEL method were performed. RESULTS: Tubular necrosis was more extensive in group C compared with that in group T and this difference was statistically significant. Similarly, vacuolization was widely observed in group C, and this increase was also statistically significant. For the 'dilatation of Bowman's space' parameter, a significant decrease was observed in group T compared with group C. When the apoptotic index values of both groups were examined, it was seen that they were lower in group T than those in group C. This result was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that thiopental provides protection to the kidney tissue during the cold storage process. Thiopental has been shown to decrease the number of apoptotic cells in the kidney tissue when administered to the donor before organ transplantation, increasing the organ viability.