FUNDAMENTAL & CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, vol.20, no.5, pp.481-488, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
The effects of Hypericum perforatum (St John's wort) on ethanol withdrawal syndrome have been investigated in ethanol-dependent rats. Adult male Wistar rats were subjects. Ethanol (7.2% v/v) was given to rats by a liquid diet for 15 days. Hypericum perforatum extract (HPE) (25-200 mg/kg) and saline were injected to rats intraperitoneally just before ethanol withdrawal. After second, fourth and sixth hour of ethanol withdrawal, rats were observed for 5 min, and withdrawal signs that included locomotor hyperactivity, stereotyped behavior and tremors were recorded or rated. A second series of injections was given at 6 h after the first one, and subjects were then tested for audiogenic seizures. HPE (25-200 mg/kg) produced some dose-dependent and significant inhibitory effects on locomotor hyperactivity at second and sixth hour of ethanol withdrawal. In addition, it significantly reduced the number of stereotyped behaviors at the same dose range. HPE (50 and 100 mg/kg) produced some significant inhibitory effects on tremor and audiogenic seizures during withdrawal period. These results suggest that HPE has some beneficial effects on ethanol withdrawal syndrome in rats.