Paleoseismic history and slip rate along the Sapanca-Akyazi segment of the 1999 Izmit earthquake rupture (M-w=7.4) of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey)

Dikbas A., Akyüz H. S., Meghraoui M., Ferry M., ALTUNEL E., Zabcı C., ...More

TECTONOPHYSICS, vol.738, pp.92-111, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 738
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tecto.2018.04.019
  • Journal Name: TECTONOPHYSICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.92-111
  • Keywords: 1999 Izmit earthquake, Sapanca-Akyazi segment, Paleoseismology, Slip-rate, Earthquake recurrence, North Anatolian Fault, GROUND-PENETRATING RADAR, MARMARA SEA REGION, SURFACE RUPTURE, MUDURNU VALLEY, SEISMIC HAZARD, DUZCE EARTHQUAKES, KARADERE SEGMENT, WESTERN TURKEY, PULL-APART, ZONE
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The Sapanca-Alcyazi segment (SAS) is located on western part of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) of Turkey. It was ruptured together with four other segments during the 17th August 1999 Izmit earthquake (M-w = 7.4) which caused similar to 145-km-long surface rupture in the east Marmara region. We conducted geomorphological investigations and 2D-3D paleoseismic trenching at 3 different sites near the Sakarya River along the SAS to obtain new data for the timing of past earthquakes and slip rate of this section of the NAF. Detailed investigations using Ground Penetrating Radar on the western bank of the Sakarya River reveal 18.5 +/- 0.5 m of right-lateral cumulative offset of an alluvial terrace dated as 850 +/- 11 years BP using Optically Stimulated Luminescence. The analysis of trench data from the three different sites of the SAS indicates the occurrence of four surface rupturing past earthquakes including the 1999 Izmit earthquake. According to the radiocarbon dating, these paleo-earthquakes can be correlated with the 1719 CE, 1567 CE, and 1037 CE historical earthquakes and suggest an average recurrence period between 273 and 322 years. The total dextral offset, the age of trench units and the terrace deposits together suggest a 22 +/- 3 mm/yr slip rate for this portion of the NAF.