© 2017, Scientific Publishers of India, All rights reserved.Objective: In this study, it is aimed to investigate the relationship between life qualities of adolescents who have dysmenorrhoea and do not have in the menstrual period and symptoms. Study Design: This study is a school-based cross-sectional. The search universe consists of the adolescent students (N=1752, between the ages of 13-19 years) from two girl in schools Central Anatolia Region. The study group consists of these students (n=1462) who were at the school in February-June in the year of 2013, had menstrual cycles during last one year, accepted to participate in the study and filled the forms used in the search completely. Method: Data were obtained with a survey form which were improved by the researchers in the result of literature investigation and had 25 questions about socio-demographic and menstrual properties, a VAS pain scale and a life quality scale. Results: Prevalence of dysmenorrhea was found 69.3% in the adolescents who were participated in the survey. 67.0% of the students with dysmenorrhea said that their daily lives were affected by the pain. The average of VAS score was found higher in the students who said that they affected compared to the students who said that they did not affect (p:0.000).The average of VAS score was also found higher in the students who cannot go to school because of dysmenorrhea compared to ones who can go to school (p:0.000). Furthermore, when the average scores were calculated in all sub-domains of SF: an average of 36 points life quality scale, the average scores of the students with dysmenorrhea was found lower according to ones with non-dysmenorrhea (p:0.00). Conclusion: It is said that dysmenorrhoea in the adolescent periods more common than it was considered and it has been also negatively affected the quality of life and the continuity of social life.