THE EFFECT OF SOLUTION TEMPERATURE ON CHEMICALLY MANUFACTURED CdS SAMPLES


Bal I., Baykul M. C. , Sarac U.

CHALCOGENIDE LETTERS, vol.18, no.1, pp.1-10, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : CHALCOGENIDE LETTERS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10

Abstract

In this paper, CdS samples were chemically coated onto glasses from an aqueous cadmium acetate solution. The resultant samples were analyzed depending on the solution temperature (ST) varied between 65 and 85 degrees C. Structural analysis confirmed that the ST plays a significant role on the crystallinity A better crystallization was achieved at the ST of 80 degrees C. The direct optical band gaps were found to be in the range of 2.18 to 2.42 eV. The ST exhibited a remarkable influence on the surface morphology. Increasing ST from 65 to 80 degrees C significantly reduced the surface roughness and particle size. The sample chemically produced at the ST of 85 degrees C exhibited the highest surface roughness and the largest particle size. There was a good relationship between the energy band gap and the surface morphology. Further morphological analysis showed that the ST does not play a role on the surface texture. The highest crystallinity, the lowest surface roughness, the smallest particle size, the lowest band tail energy and the highest optical band gap (2.42 eV) were obtained for the sample manufactured at the ST of 80 degrees C, indicating that the optimum ST was 80 degrees C under the applied experimental conditions.