Synthesis and Evaluation of New Oxadiazole, Thiadiazole, and Triazole Derivatives as Potential Anticancer Agents Targeting MMP-9


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ÖZDEMİR A., SEVER B., ALTINTOP M. D. , TEMEL H. E. , ATLI Ö., BAYSAL M., ...More

MOLECULES, vol.22, no.7, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/molecules22071109
  • Journal Name: MOLECULES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important proteases involved in tumor progression including angiogenesis, tissue invasion, and migration. Therefore, MMPs have been reported as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in many types of cancer. New oxadiazole, thiadiazole, and triazole derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer effects on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma and C6 rat glioma cell lines. In order to examine the relationship between their anticancer activity and MMP-9, the compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on MMPs. N-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-ylmethyl)-2-{[5-(((5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2- yl)oxy)methyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl]thio}acetamide (8) and N-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethyl)-2-[(5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl) thio] acetamide (9) revealed promising cytotoxic effects on A549 and C6 cell lines similar to cisplatin without causing any toxicity towards NIH/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. Compounds 8 and 9 were also the most effective MMP-9 inhibitors in this series. Moreover, docking studies pointed out that compounds 8 and 9 had good affinity to the active site of the MMP-9 enzyme. The molecular docking and in vitro studies suggest that the MMP-9 inhibitory effects of compounds 8 and 9 may play an important role in lung adenocarcinoma and glioma treatment.