JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE, vol.30, no.7, pp.864-869, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
Background: Nitric oxide (NO), synthesized from the amino acid L-arginine by the action of NO synthases (NOS), is a pulmonary vasodilator. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of NOS. Preterm infants have higher plasma ADMA concentrations than term infants which could cause inhibition of NO synthesis and deterioration in pulmonary functions. We aimed to investigate the relationship between serum ADMA and L-arginine levels of preterm infants and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), requirement of surfactant treatment, duration of mechanical ventilation, oxygen treatment, and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).