An additional child case of an aldosterone-producing adenoma with an atypical presentation of peripheral paralysis due to hypokalemia


DİNLEYİCİ E. Ç. , Dogruel N., Acikalin M. F. , Tokar B. , Oztelcan B., İLHAN H.

JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION, cilt.30, sa.10, ss.870-872, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/bf03349230
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.870-872

Özet

Aldosterone-producing adenoma, which is characterized by hypertension, hypokalemia, and elevated aldosterone levels with suppressed plasma renin activity, is a rare condition during childhood and is also potentially curable. To the best of our knowledge, nearly 25 cases of childhood aldosterone-secreting adenoma have been reported in the literature to date. Here we describe a 13-yr-old girl with primary hyperaldosteronism secondary to aldosterone-secreting adenoma. The patient was admitted to our hospital with the neuromuscular complaints of muscle weakness and inability to walk due to hypokalemia. She had been misdiagnosed as having hypokalemic periodic paralysis 2 months before admission and her symptoms had radically improved with potassium supplementation. However, her blood pressure levels had increased and her symptoms reappeared 2 days prior to being observed during hospitalization in our institution. Laboratory examinations revealed hypokalemia (2.1 mEq/l), and increased serum aldosterone levels with suppressed plasma renin activity. Abdominal ultrasonography and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging revealed left adrenal mass. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed and histopathological examinations showed benign adrenal adenoma. Serum aldosterone levels and blood pressure levels returned to normal after surgical intervention. This case demonstrates the importance of a systemic evaluation including blood pressure monitorization of children with hypokalemia as intermittent hypertension episodes may be seen; cases without hypertension may be misdiagnosed as rheumotalogical or neurological disorders such as hypokalemic periodic paralysis, as in our case.