The positive psychology constructs of parents of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Turkey


Meral B., Wehmeyer M., Cinisli N., YILMAZ E.

Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, vol.65, no.7, pp.638-654, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jir.12839
  • Journal Name: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.638-654
  • Keywords: family quality of life, intellectual and developmental disabilities, parents, personal well&#8208, being, positive psychology, psychological well&#8208, being
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2021 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons LtdBackground: The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine positive psychology constructs (life orientation/optimism, life satisfaction, happiness, psychological well-being and personal well-being) that may predict the family quality of life (FQOL) of parents of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in Turkey. Methods: Data were obtained from a convenience sample of 660 parents of children with IDD who responded to six assessments, including a measure of FQOL. An analysis using stepwise multiple regression was conducted to identify predictors of FQOL as rated by parents. Results: The four constructs including personal well-being, psychological well-being, life orientation (optimism) and life satisfaction significantly explained 60% of the total variance of FQOL. The amount of explained variance, beta scores and correlations suggests that these positive psychology constructs are significant predictors of FQOL of parents of children with IDD in Turkey. Conclusion: The study findings suggested that positive psychological constructs at the individual level were positively related to FQOL at the group level. Personal well-being was the strongest predictor of FOQL of parents who have children with IDD in Turkey. The results also indicated that other constructs including psychological well-being, an optimistic life orientation and life satisfaction contribute significantly to the FQOL of parents of children with IDD.