Methodology for the evaluation of the life cycle in research on cement-based materials

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Uygunoğlu T., Sertyeşilışık P., Topçu İ. B.

in: Waste and Byproducts in Cement-Based Materials, Jorge de Brito,Carlos Thomas,César Medina,Francisco Agrela, Editor, Woodhead Publishing Limited , Cambridge, pp.601-615, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • City: Cambridge
  • Page Numbers: pp.601-615
  • Editors: Jorge de Brito,Carlos Thomas,César Medina,Francisco Agrela, Editor
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Global warming is one of the major environmental problems ever to challenge humankind; its main cause is the emission of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO2) (Boesch and Hellweg, 2010; Zhang et al., 2016). In order to address this threat, and the attendant threat of long-term climate change, 195 countries reached an agreement, in Paris in December 2015, to take action to decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases. The aim is to limit the global average temperature increase to a level less than 2°C by 2030 (Yoon et al., 2018). The agreement was approved by 55 countries, which were jointly responsible for a minimum of 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (TCMA, 2020). The manufacture of construction materials is the second greatest source of greenhouse gas emissions, and causes about 33% of the global total of CO2 emissions (Zhang et al., 2016). Concrete is widely used as a construction material, and as a result its production is prominent among the relevant environmental impacts (Hossain et al., 2018). Recently, there has been a considerable increase in cement production, due to demand for cement-based materials. Industrialization and urbanization have resulted in a huge energy requirement, along with a lack of resources and increased carbon emissions. Assessment of cement production is important in order to attenuate the impacts of the production processes on climate change (Humphreys and Mahasenan, 2002; C¸ ankaya and Pekey, 2019). Significant environmental hazards can be observed during the life cycle of the production of cement-based materials, due to the massive utilization of cement and raw materials such as aggregate. Using recycled wastes or mineral admixtures in the production of cement-based materials might be considered as a possible route towards “green” (environmentally friendly) construction (Ansari and Seifi, 2013). The aim of this study is to define possible energy-saving and emissions-reduction opportunities during the manufacture of cement-based materials. This may assist policy-makers to define the future construction industry emissions targets relating to cement-based materials. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can be utilized to identify Waste and Byproducts in Cement-Based Materials. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. the adverse environmental effects of manufacturing cement-based materials, such as gaseous emissions or energy consumption (Huntzinger and Eatmon, 2009). Thus, decision-makers can invest in the development tools for energy demand and emissions so that greenhouse gases can be managed (Song and Chen, 2014).