Pathogenesis-related gene (PvPR1 and PvPR2) expression involved in Meloidogyne incognita parasitism and resistance reactions of common bean genotypes in host-nematode interactions


BOZBUĞA R., Ciftci V., YEKEN M. Z. , İMREN M.

BOTANY, vol.100, no.8, pp.667-676, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1139/cjb-2021-0172667
  • Journal Name: BOTANY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase
  • Page Numbers: pp.667-676
  • Keywords: root-knot nematode, gene expression, common bean, Meloidogyne, gene, ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE, PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS, CROPS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Pathogenesis-related (PR) genes are useful molecular markers, and gene expressions are activated in the reaction of plant -parasitic nematodes. Determining the PR gene expression and the resistance reaction of Phaseolus vulgaris L. genotypes against root-knot nematode are valuable for understanding plant-;nematode interactions. However, resistance reactions of P. vulgaris genotypes and the gene expression of host-nematode interactions are not fully understood. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the expression of PR genes during the infection of Meloidogyne incognita on resistant and susceptible bean varieties at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days postinfection (dpi). The results revealed that one genotype gave a reaction as "immune", and numerous genotypes were susceptible. The expression of PvPR1 and PvPR2 genes reached the highest peak at 1 dpi in nematode-infected immune plants, and the expression of PvPR1 reached 5 dpi in susceptible plants. In conclusion, PR genes involved in nematode resistance and parasitism and the immune common bean genotype have great potential in breeding programs and under-standing the exact location of resistance on the gene map would be advantageous as future work.