Clinical oral investigations, vol.26, no.7, pp.4735-4742, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Objectives To evaluate the maintenance requirements and the presence of prosthetic complications associated with marginal bone loss in the implant-retained bar and locator prostheses. Materials and methods The study was executed between the years 2013 and 2018 on 114 patients who had undergone 283 dental implants. Patients were examined at follow-up recall sessions at 12 and 24 months after the placement of the dentures. The clinical examination also included intraoral and extraoral examinations of the patients; compatibility of the prostheses placed to about occlusion; an adaptation of the prosthesis to the tissues, health, and continuity of the soft tissues; complaints of the patients; implant success rates; and marginal bone loss, and prosthetic complications were evaluated at follow-up sessions, and statistical analysis was performed. Results Locator attachment was placed in 94 patients with separated mandibles and maxillae, and a removable prosthesis with a bar attachment was placed in 20 patients. When evaluating the level of marginal bone loss regardless of the presence of complications, the area where the implant was set, the number of days after loading, and the type of retainer, it was found to be significant at the end of the 12th the 24th months. The results showed a significant relationship between the prosthesis type and the presence of complications at month 24 (p < 0.05). There was no significant relationship between the position of the denture and the presence of complications at month 12 (p > 0.05). There was no significant relationship between the location of the denture and the presence of complications at month 24 (p > 0.05). Conclusion Complications do not affect marginal bone loss, but the resulting marginal bone loss is the result of the patient not paying enough attention to oral hygiene. Routine inspections of the prosthesis after the completion of treatment seem to be important. If the requirements resulting from these checks are met, complications that may occur in the future will be prevented.