The effects of duration of CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on colonic anastomosis

Ozer I., Ulas M., Ercan M., Ozogul Y. B., Zengin N., Bostanci E. B., ...More

JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY, vol.21, no.4, pp.177-181, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08941930802130123
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.177-181
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of duration of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum on experimental colonic anastomosis. Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The rats were divided into three groups. The rats in group 1 (n = 16) underwent laparotomy and colonic anastomosis without pneumoperitoneum. The rats in group 2 (n = 16) and group 3 (n = 16) were subjected to 2 and 4 hours of 12 mm Hg pneumoperitoneum, respectively, before laparotomy and colonic anastomosis. Half of the rats were sacrified on the third postoperative day; and the other half, on the seventh postoperative day. A colonic segment including anastomosis site was resected for histopathologic and biochemical evaluation. On day 3, hydroxyproline levels of the three groups were similar. The edema score of group 2 was significantly higher than that of group 1, and the necrosis score was higher in group 2 than in group 3. The scores of the other histopathologic parameters were similar. On day 7, group 3 showed significantly higher hydroxyproline levels than group 1, and group 1 showed a higher necrosis score than group 3. In conclusion, CO(2) pneumoperitoneum of 12 mm Hg for 2 and 4 hours did not result in impaired healing of experimental colonic anastomosis.