Evaluation of Bleeding Phenotype of Inherited Factor VII Deficiency in Children With a Bleeding Assessment Tool and Global Assays


Toret E., Ay Y., Karapinar T. H., Oymak Y., Kavakli K., Vergin R. C.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY, vol.42, no.6, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/mph.0000000000001564
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: bleeding phenotype, global hemostasis, FVII deficiency, THROMBIN GENERATION ASSAY, COAGULATION DISORDERS, CLINICAL PHENOTYPE, DIAGNOSIS, THROMBOELASTOGRAPHY, MANAGEMENT, SEVERITY, SCORES
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Introduction:Inherited factor VII (FVII) deficiency is the most common of the rare bleeding disorders and shows a heterogenous distribution of bleeding phenotypes independent of factor activity level. The bleeding score (BS) evaluates the phenotype of patients with rare bleeding disorders. Thromboelastography (TEG) and thrombin generation assays (TGAs) are 2 methods to evaluate global hemostasis, and controversially both tests are useful for identifying different bleeding tendency phenotypes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the BS and global assays (TEG and TGAs) to predict the bleeding phenotype of inherited FVII deficiency.Materials and Methods:A total of 27 patients with FVII deficiency were evaluated with the BS and global hemostasis assays.Results:The BS was compatible with disease severity according to the FVII activity level (P<0.05) but the BS and bleeding grade of patients did not show a statistically significant correlation with factor activity level (P>0.05). No significant correlation was observed between the factor activity level and any TEG parameter (P>0.05). The factor activity level was negatively correlated with the lag time of the TGA on the contrary positively correlated with the peak thrombin time of the TGA (P<0.05).Conclusions:The global assays do not successfully predict the bleeding phenotype. The BS is a more suitable tool than conventional and global assays for predicting the bleeding phenotype.