Stimulation single-fiber electromyography (S-SFEMG) is an alternative method to SFEMG during voluntary contraction (VC-SFEMG). S-SFEMG is preferred to VC-SFEMG in uncooperating patients, children, and patients having severe weakness. Surface stimulation is a viable alternative to needle stimulation in S-SFEMG, In the present study, surface versus needle stimulation of facial nerve has been tested by recording from the orbicularis oculi and frontalis muscles. Jitter values obtained by both methods have been found to be nearly equal. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.