Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol.200, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.Objective: The relation between migraine and vascular risk factors is an unclear issue. Furthermore, the reasons for chronification are still unknown. Probably, the age-related risk and other factors leading to migraine progression will also change in the future. Under these questions, we aimed to investigate whether or not there is a specific association with vascular risk factors between several age groups and subtypes of migraine and also in their families. Methods: A dataset (the Turkish Headache Database) from four tertiary headache centres in Turkey was used. This database included headache-defining features according to ICHD criteria based on face-to-face interviews and examinations by a Neurologist. Vascular risk factors of migraine without aura (MwoA), migraine with aura (MwA) and chronic migraine (CM) were compared between three age groups (under 30 years, 30–50 years and over 50 years) and in first-degree relatives of the patients. Our study included 2712 patients comprising 1868 (68.9 %), 246 (9.1 %) and 598 (22.1 %) subjects with MwoA, MwA and CH, respectively. Results: This study showed that both the patients and the first-degree relatives were more frequently associated with vascular risk factors in CM than episodic MwA and MwoA. MwoA showed a weaker association with vascular risk factors than MwA and CM. Conclusion: Chronic migraine was associated with vascular risk factors at all ages and first-degree relatives as well. Vascular risk factors should be investigated with greater focus on chronic migraine.