Recognition and participation of colorectal cancer screening in Turkiye: A systematic review and meta-analysis study

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Aydogan Gedik S., METİNTAŞ S., ÖNSÜZ M. F.

Northern Clinics of Istanbul, vol.10, no.6, pp.819-829, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/nci.2022.94103
  • Journal Name: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.819-829
  • Keywords: Colonoscopy, colorectal cancer, FOBT, screening
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Colorectal cancers (CRCs) have an important share in the prevalence and mortality among all cancers. It was aimed to make a systematic review and meta-analysis of researches about the prevalence of knowing fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and colonoscopy, which are among the CRC screening methods, and the prevalence of having these tests at any time in life. A literature search using five different databases were screened both in Turkish and English language and a total of 1176 studies were reached. Of these, 22 studies were selected to be included in this study. In the evaluation of the researches included in the study, the studies were read in a way to look for answers to PICOS questions. Open Meta-analyst demo program and random effects model was used. The prevalence rate and 95% confidence interval of knowing and having FOBT and colonoscopy were calculated. According to the meta-analysis results, the prevalence of knowing the FOBT among the CRC screening tests was 19.3%, the prevalence of having the FOBT was 13.2%, the prevalence of knowing colonoscopy was 31.7%, and the prevalence of having colonoscopy was 10.0%. As a conclusion prevalence of knowing and having FOBT and colonoscopy was low in risky individuals in Turkiye.