Climate change caused by renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth: A time series ARDL analysis for Turkey

Acaroğlu H., Güllü M.

RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol.193, pp.434-447, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 193
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.renene.2022.04.138
  • Journal Name: RENEWABLE ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Index Islamicus, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.434-447
  • Keywords: Climate change, Renewable energy consumption, Non-renewable energy consumption, GDP per Capita, Precipitation, Temperature, ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVE, CO2 EMISSIONS, TECHNOLOGICAL-INNOVATION, CARBON EMISSIONS, UNIT-ROOT, COINTEGRATION, PANEL, PRECIPITATION, VARIABILITY, GENERATION


This paper focuses on climate change in Turkey caused by energy consumption using an Autoregressive Distributed Lag and Toda-Yamamoto causality analysis. The motivation and aim are: Finding evidence of causality for the relationship between energy consumption, growing economies and climate change depending on parameters that vary over time, which are observed and argued through political impli-cations. Temperature and precipitation are the dependent variables for climate change; energy types and Gross Domestic Product per capita are the independent variables for economic determiners. Data was collected annually from various institutions between 1980 and 2019. According to the Toda-Yamamoto test, a negative relationship is determined between renewable energy consumption and temperature in both the short and long term. The results reveal that a 1% increase in renewable energy reduces the temperature by 0.031%. The increase of renewable energy may help in decreasing temperature. Pre-cipitation and non-renewable energy consumption have a positive relationship in both the short and long term, with a 1% increase in non-renewable energy consumption causing a 0.175% increase in pre-cipitation, indicating a negative effect on climate change. Encouraging renewable energy consumption through government incentives can be a powerful solution to decrease the negative effects of climate change in Turkey.(c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.