Performance of Efficiency Indexes for Contact Tanks

DEMİREL E., Aral M. M.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, vol.144, no.9, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Hydraulic and mixing efficiencies of contact tanks are evaluated using several indexes that are used in the literature. These indexes emphasize different aspects of flow and mixing processes in the mixing tank at different scales. Uniformity of the evaluations obtained from these indexes is necessary for unified characterization of the overall performance of contact tanks, which is very difficult to achieve. In this study, several contact tanks with different baffling configurations were studied using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis in which three-dimensional hydrodynamic analysis of flow and transport of a conservative tracer within the flow field were studied. The performance data developed were extended by including the outcome of some of the earlier studies that are reported in the literature. The most common indexes that are used in the literature were used to evaluate the performance of these cases. The results indicate that the performance evaluation obtained for these cases was not consistent for all indexes. An analysis was performed to identify the suitability of the performance indexes for a specific performance parameter. Performance of the newly introduced AD index, which yields more consistent evaluations for both short-circuiting and dispersion evaluation in the contact tank, was compared with the performance of the Morrill index. A dimensionless energy-efficiency index was also proposed for the evaluation of the efficiency of the flow-through system in the tank.