Cell Wall Glycan Changes in Different Brachypodium Tissues Give Insights into Monocot Biomass

Avci U.

Fermentation, vol.9, no.1, pp.52-62, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/fermentation9010052
  • Journal Name: Fermentation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-62
  • Keywords: antibody, Brachypodium distachyon, cell wall, imaging, microscopy, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY, GRAIN DEVELOPMENT, POLYSACCHARIDES, GENERATION
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


The annual temperate grass Brachypodium distachyon has become a model system for monocot biomass crops and for understanding lignocellulosic recalcitrance to employ better saccharification and fermentation approaches. It is a monocot plant used to study the grass cell walls that differ from the cell walls of dicot plants such as the eudicot model Arabidopsis. The B. distachyon cell wall is predominantly composed of cellulose, arabinoxylans, and mixed-linkage glucans, and it resembles the cell walls of other field grasses. It has a vascular bundle anatomy similar to C3 grasses. These features make Brachypodium an ideal model to study cell walls. Cell walls are composed of polymers with complex structures that vary between cell types and at different developmental stages. Antibodies that recognize specific cell wall components are currently one of the most effective and specific molecular probes to determine the location and distribution of polymers in plant cell walls in situ. Here, we investigated the glycan distribution in the cell walls of the root and leaf tissues of Brachypodium by employing cell-wall-directed antibodies against diverse glycan epitopes. There are distinct differences in the presence of the epitopes between the root and leaf tissues as well as in the cell type level, which gives insights into monocot biomass.