Antibiotic resistance of urinary tract pathogens and evaluation of empirical treatment in Turkish children with urinary tract infections

Yuksel S., Ozturk B., Kavaz A., Ozcakar Z. B., Acar B., Guriz H., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, vol.28, no.5, pp.413-416, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2006.08.009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.413-416
  • Keywords: urinary tract infection, antibiotic resistance pattern, empirical treatment, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, TRIMETHOPRIM-SULFAMETHOXAZOLE, SUSCEPTIBILITY, PROPHYLAXIS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


The changing pattern of antimicrobial resistance in the causative microorganisms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in childhood is a growing problem. The aims of this study were to assess the resistance patterns of urinary isolates to commonly used antimicrobials and to evaluate the options for empirical treatment of UTI. A prospective cross-sectional analysis of bacteria isolated from children with UTI was performed between January 2003 and January 2004. Resistance to antibiotics was analysed in three age groups: Group I, <= 12 months; Group II, 13-60 months; and Group III, > 60 months. A total of 165 urinary pathogens were isolated from 131 patients. Mean patient age was 63.7 +/- 49.8 months. The most common causative agent was Escherichia coli (87% of cases) followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (10%). Resistance to ampicillin (74.2%) and co-trimoxazole (61.3%) was significant in all isolates. Nitrofurantoin was the most active agent against E. coli (2.2% resistant isolates), followed by amikacin (4.9%), ceftriaxone (7.5%) and ciprofloxacin (12%). None of the isolates from Group I patients were resistant to ciprofloxacin and a low resistance rate (7.1%) was noted for amikacin. In Group II patients, none of the isolates were resistant to amikacin, and ceftriaxone was the second most suitable antibiotic (resistance rate 2.2%). In Group III patients, the lowest resistance rate was against nitrofurantoin (2.7%). In conclusion, we observed that the use of ampicillin and co-trimoxazole as a single agent for empirical treatment of a suspected UTI would not cover the majority of urinary pathogens in our region. Whilst amikacin, with a negligible resistance rate, was suitable in all age groups, gentamicin might still be useful as an empirical, treatment of UTI in children aged > 1 year. Nitrofurantoin could be included as a reasonable alternative in the empirical treatment of lower UTI in older children. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.