© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.In this study, a group of heavy metal oxide glasses with a nominal composition of 55B2 O3 + 19.5TeO2 + 10K2 O + (15−x) PbO + xAl2 O3 + 0.5Eu2 O3 (where x = 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 12.5, and 15 in wt.%) were investigated in terms of their nuclear radiation shielding properties. These glasses containing lanthanide-doped heavy metal oxide were envisioned to yield valuable results in respect to radiation shielding, and thus a detailed investigation was carried out; the obtained results were compared with traditional and new generation shields. Advanced simulation and theoretical methods have been utilized in a wide range of energy regions. Our results showed that the AL0.0 sample with the highest PbO contribution had superior shielding properties in the entire energy range. The effective removal of cross-sections for fast neutrons (ΣR) was also examined. The results indicated that AL5.0 had the greatest value. While increasing the concentration of Al2 O3 in samples had a negative effect on the radiation shielding characteristics, it can be concluded that using PbO in the Eu3+ doped heavy metal oxide glasses could be a useful tool to keep gamma-ray shielding properties at a maximum level.