[Bekir] Refik Bey (Koraltan) in the First Turkish Grand National Assembly (1920-1923)


METİNTAŞ M. Y., KAYIRAN M.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, no.36, pp.811-842, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.811-842
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

[Bekir] Refik Bey (Koraltan) was born in 1890 in Divrigi County of Sivas. He completed his primary and secondary education in Divrigi and his high school education in Istanbul Mercan High School. He completed his higher education at Darulfunun (Istanbul University), Faculty of Law. After his higher education, he served in various state positions such as the prosecutor, the safety inspector and the "Trabzon Provincial Security Director". While he was working in this position, he carried out a great struggle against the Greek gangsters organized by the Pontus Greek Society. Refik Bey, who worked as an advocate in Istanbul for a short time after his dismissal, went later to Konya to join the Turkish National Struggle. He was elected as the Konya deputy for the First Turkish Grand National Assembly. He supported Mustafa Kemal Pasha with his speeches and activities, during his tenure in the Assembly. Moreover, together with Mustafa Kemal Pasha, he joined the visits in which the military troops were inspected at the fronts where the war continued with all its violence. Refik Bey also played an active role about the Lausanne debates in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. In this study, the activities of Mr. Refik (Koraltan), who left his mark on Turkish political life, in the First Turkish Grand National Assembly were examined. In this context, archive and literature reviews are heavily dwelled on. Documents obtained from the Republic Archives of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey, General Directorate of State Archives, research and memoir books, academic articles, papers and compilations on the subject, newspapers and magazines of the period were considered as the main data sources.