Environmental impacts of mineral resource exploitation and use

Kaya M.

17th International Mining Congress and Exhibition of Turkey (IMCET 2001), Ankara, Turkey, 19 - 22 June 2001, pp.485-491 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.485-491
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Human beings are facing a global mineral resource crisis. The earth's finite supply of minerals is being used by a population that is growing faster than at any time in history. To make matters worse, mineral consumption is growing even faster than the population. Although we need more minerals to supply society, we are becoming increasingly aware that their production and use pollute the planet. The effects were once local in scale, but have now become truly global, with mineral consumption implicated strongly in global warming, acid rain and destruction of the ozone layer. There is concern that the earth is reaching its limit of mineral-related pollution. Human beings cannot ignore this crisis. This paper reviews the environmental impacts of mineral resource exploitation and use.