Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of the Aerial Parts of Wild Growing Thymus capitatus (L.) Hoffm. & Link Species Collected from Three Different Locations in Northern Cyprus

Hanoglu A., Hanoglu D. Y., DEMİRCİ B., Yavuz D. O.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS, vol.20, no.2, pp.546-551, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Wild growing Thymus capitatus (L.) Hoff.m. & Link (Lamiaceae) was collected from three different regions of T.R.N.C. from eastern (Yildirim-Tc1), northern (Girne/Bogaz-Tc2) and western (Yedidalga-Tc3) sides. The plant materials were subjected to hydrodistillation method in order to obtain essential oils. The composition analysis were performed by GC-FID and GC-MS systems, simultaneously. The results revealed that major components of three regions were same but the percentages showed variations moderately. Altogether, number of the compounds and the accounted percentages for Tc1, Tc2 and Tc3 were 24-99.7 %, 29-99.9 % and 23-99.8 %, respectively. Major components were thymol (46-62 %) followed by p-cymene (11-17 %), gamma-terpinene (4-10 %) and carvacrol (6-7 %). Thymus capitatus is a potential thymol source especially collected from Yedidalga Tc3 location with regard to the results of analysis.