Comparison of Rotational Thromboelastography Findings in Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome Patients and Healthy Controls

Sahin D. G., Sahin A., Akay O. M.

JOURNAL OF GLAUCOMA, vol.25, no.11, pp.879-882, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/ijg.0000000000000461
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.879-882
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose:Rotational thromboelastography (ROTEM) is a useful test for studying the characteristics of fibrin clot formation. As patients with pseudoexfoliation (PEX) have an increased risk for thrombotic events, clot-forming dysfunction may play a role. The aim of this study is to compare ROTEM findings in PEX syndrome patients with age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls.Patients and Methods:A total of 21 patients with PEX syndrome and 22 age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls were included. All study participants underwent detailed ophthalmologic and systemic medical examination, including blood pressure measurement, hemoglobin-hematocrit levels, platelet count, coagulation parameters including prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen levels, and D-dimer levels. Peripheral blood samples were collected and analyzed with ROTEM Coagulation Analyzer.Results:The mean age of patients with PEX and controls was 66.58.3 and 65.9 +/- 9.5 years, respectively (P=0.7). The 2 groups did not differ with respect to age, sex, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet numbers, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen levels, D-dimer levels, and glucose levels. When extrinsic thromboelastometry results were analyzed, PEX patients showed a significantly decreased clotting time when compared with healthy controls (79.8 vs. 98.0 s; P=0.01), indicating faster clot formation. Other ROTEM parameters did now show any difference between the 2 groups.Conclusions:PEX patients showed faster clotting time when compared with healthy controls. This fibrin clot formation dysfunction may lead to vascular thrombotic events in these patients. Further studies are needed to elucidate the exact underlying mechanism of thrombosis seen in PEX patients.