Nursing Students' Occupational Health and Safety Problems in Surgical Clinical Practice


EYİ S., Eyi I.

SAGE OPEN, vol.10, no.1, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/2158244020901801
  • Journal Name: SAGE OPEN
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: nursing, behavioral sciences, student nurse, occupational health and safety accidents, protective equipment usage, clinical practice, PRACTICE TRAINING FREQUENCY, CARE WORKERS, BODY-FLUIDS, STANDARD PRECAUTIONS, WORKPLACE VIOLENCE, MIDWIFERY STUDENTS, MEDICAL-STUDENTS, SHARPS INJURIES, LATEX ALLERGY, RISK-FACTORS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Student nurses are exposed to hazards in terms of occupational health and safety (OHS) problems in Turkey. Researching these problems in the clinical setting, improving the health and safety of student nurses is an issue that needs to be investigated. The aim of this study is to present OHS-related impressions and OHS experiences of nursing students in relation to the risk assessment process and from an educational perspective. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with 140 students at a nursing school. The study indicated that almost all of the students' OHS knowledge and awareness level were low, were exposed to contact with blood and body fluids as most dangerous situations, have difficulties in the provision of personnel protective equipment (PPE), were subjected to verbal assault, and experienced anxiety and irritability. They encountered dangerous situations applying treatment in the clinic, preparing drugs, following vital signs, giving general care, and during the intervention in the emergency room, and experienced back pain, headache, increased tendency to sleep, fatigue, and forearm, wrist, hand, and finger injuries. Because of contact with hand antiseptic/latex, skin irritation, and burning eyes, nose, and throat, allergy symptoms were detected. Carelessness and intensive work tempo were the most common causes of workplace accidents. The clinical practice areas are limited in terms of OHS; students are exposed to physical, psychological, and chemical risks with respect to OHS, and they are most psychologically affected by experiencing anxiety and irritability, as well as physiologically, and have symptoms similar to burnout syndrome; they are at risk of getting burnout syndrome.