Thiazolo thiazole based cross-linker to prepare highly fluorescent smart films with tunable emission wavelength and their multi-responsive usage


DİKMEN Z., BÜTÜN V.

European Polymer Journal, vol.159, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 159
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2021.110759
  • Journal Name: European Polymer Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: PVA film, Optical sensor, PbO synthesis, AuNP synthesis, ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY, POLYVINYL-ALCOHOL, SOLAR-CELLS, PVA-FILM, COPOLYMERS, POLYMERS, LAYER, SERS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2021 Elsevier Ltd2,5-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole (HPhTT) molecule was synthesized and used as cross-linker in nanotubular self-assembled film preparation. Highly fluorescent, insoluble, PVA based smart films were obtained via orthoester backbone formation at basic media. Both the emission wavelength (λem) and photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the films were observed as strongly dependent on dye and base concentrations. These fluorescent films were highly sensitive against acid and base resulting from halochromic property of the cross-linker. These films reversibly changed their colors and λem when treated with TFA and NH3 solutions as a result of dynamic covalent chemistry of orthoester groups. λem and PL intensity of these talented films also changed when they were treated with Au, Pt, Ag, Pb, Cd, Co metal cations. Gold, TFA and NH3 sensitivities of the films make them suitable and promising candidates as chemosensors. The films also selectively reduced gold ions and caused formation of AuNPs on the surface with simultaneous color change, blue shift in λem and fluorescent quenching. Green synthesis of hexagonal PbO crystals are also achived inside the films simultaneously. AuNPs on the film and PbO crystal-PVA composite film are characterized with XRD and SEM analysis. These films also exhibited elastic hydrogel property after treatment of acid, base and water. The change in mechanical tensile properties of the films before and after treatment were investigated with stress-strain analysis. Photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of the films were measured as to be between 14% and 39%. Increasing NaOH and dye concentration lead to red shift at λem and higher PLQY.