Identification of wheat kernels by fusion of RGB, SWIR, and VNIR samples

ÖZKAN K., IŞIK Ş., Yavuz B. T.

JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, vol.99, no.11, pp.4977-4984, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jsfa.9732
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4977-4984
  • Keywords: convolutional neural network, RGB imaging, VNIR imaging, SWIR imaging, image and feature fusion, wheat kernels, CLASSIFICATION, IMAGES, FEATURES
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Background The sustainable management of agricultural resources requires the integration of cutting-edge science with the observation and identification of crops. This assists experts to make correct decisions. The aim of this study is to assess the robustness of a commonly used deep learning tool, VGG16, in improving the categorization of wheat kernels. Two fusion methodologies were considered simultaneously. We performed experiments on visible light (RGB), short wave infrared (SWIR), and visible-near infrared (VNIR) datasets, including 40 classes, with 200 samples in each class, giving 8000 samples in total. Results After making simulations with 6400 training and 1600 testing samples, we achieved excellent performance scores, with 98.19% and 100% accuracy rates, respectively. Conclusion The wheat identification system developed here serves as an effective identification framework and supports the view that deep learning tools can adequately discriminate between different types of wheat kernels. The proposed automated system would be useful for improving economic growth and in reducing the labor force, leading to greater efficiency and higher productivity in the wheat industry. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry