Different Perspectives in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

Erdem E., Gümüşçü A.

İksad Yayınevi, Adıyaman, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book / Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: İksad Yayınevi
  • City: Adıyaman
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Poppy is belonging to the family Papaveraceae, genus Papaver and species Papaver somniferum L. The species in the family Papaveraceae are mostly spread mild and subtropical regions of the northern hemisphere. There are 28 genus and about 250 species in the family Papaveraceae. Seven genus belonging to this family are there in Türkiye. In the last studies is reported totally 58 Papaver taxa including 15 endemic of 36 species, 22 sub-species and varieties. The varieties in poppy cultivating countries are well known such as album (white flower), nigrum (violet flower), setigerum (dark violet flower) and glabrum (red-violet flower). The white and violet flowered varieties of Papaver somniferum L. subsp. anatolicum are sown mostly in Türkiye. Papaver is meaning in Latin “corn-poppy” and somniferum is “dream” and “soporific”. When injured superficially the immature poppy capsules, the latex get dark brown vaporizing a little and then the alkaloid concentrate. This material called opium. The poppy is a miscellaneous plant which synthesize narcotic analgesic benzylisoquinoline alkaloids such as morphine and codeine; benefit from their seed and oil; also be used medicinal and ornamental plant. The poppy production is under control for economic importance and be permitted to grow definite provinces. There are both winter and spring type but the winter type is preferred for higher yield.