Increased body fluid repellency and electrochemical corrosion resistance of intravascular stent materials by ICP-CVD-based DLC thin-film deposition

İstanbullu Ö. B., Akdoğan G.

DIAMOND AND RELATED MATERIALS, vol.138, pp.1-19, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 138
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.diamond.2023.110251
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-19
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Intravascular stents face adhesion- and corrosion-based challenges causing In-stent Restenosis (ISR). This study analyzes the influences of thin-film Diamond-Like-Carbon (DLC) deposition on body fluid repellency and corrosion behavior in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) at 37 °C for intravascular stent materials. The stent specimens of 316 L and 316 LVM stainless steel, Ti-Alloy, and CoCr-Alloy were coated with DLC thin-films by Inductively Coupled Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition (ICP-CVD). The repellencies of bare and DLC-coated specimens to body fluids, including the blood, plasma, glycerol, and distilled water (DIW) were analyzed by their Contact Angles (CA). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and corrosion analysis in simulated body fluid were conducted using a potentiostat system. Bare specimens exhibited hydrophilic behavior with 51° CA for distilled water and lower body fluid repellencies with 69°, 64°, and 57° CAs for total blood, blood plasma, and glycerol, respectively. DLC coating improved blood repellency to 88° CA and hydrophobic feature to 81° CA. The electrochemical corrosion analysis exhibited that ICP-CVD based DLC thin-film deposition increased the electrochemical polarization resistance of BMS specimens from 22.02 kΩ.cm2 to 386.6 kΩ.cm2 for 316 L SS, 408.8 kΩ.cm2 for 316 LVM SS, 1703.0 kΩ.cm2 for CoCr-Alloy, and 1748 kΩ.cm2 for Ti-Alloy. The obtained values reduced the corrosion rate from 447.1 μm/year to 0.241 μm/year and the mass loss rate from 357.1 mg/cm2year to 0.165 mg/cm2year. This study concludes that DLC thin-film structures can lower the risk of ISR by adhesion and corrosion inhibition in BMS specimens, and they have a potential application in fluid-repellent and anti-corrosive drug-free stents.