Microstructural investigation of Selective Laser Melting 316L stainless steel parts exposed to laser re-melting

Yasa E., Kruth J.

1st CIRP Conference on Surface Integrity (CSI), Bremen, Germany, 30 January - 01 February 2012, vol.19 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 19
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.130
  • City: Bremen
  • Country: Germany
  • Keywords: Selective laser melting, Roughness, Laser re-melting
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


Although Selective Laser Melting (SLM) provides many advantages compared to conventional machining, limited surface quality is one of the major drawbacks encountered in the process. Secondly, little residual porosity (1-2%) in SLM parts may be problematic for some applications where high strength and fatigue resistance are necessary. As a remedy, laser re-melting is employed during or after the SLM process. Laser re-melting means that after scanning a layer and melting the powder, the same slice is re-scanned before putting a new layer of powder. If done for each layer, it results in substantially longer production times. It can also be applied to only the last layer or the outer skin of the part if the aim is to reduce the roughness or to enhance the surface properties. In this study, laser re-melting is applied using a continuous wave laser during SLM of AISI 316L stainless steel parts mainly to study the microstructural changes by applying different process parameters. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of Prof. E. Brinksmeier