Objective: In this study, it was aimed to make a cultural adaptation of the
Child Health and Illness Profile- Adolescents (CHIP-AE) measurement tool
for adolescents, which was developed by Starfield in 1993, to analyze
whether the Turkish version is reliable, valid and applicable.
Material and Methods: The sample of the study consisted of adolescents
aged between 12 and 17, receiving inpatient treatment in the Children’s
Health and Diseases Clinic in the Faculty of Medicine at Eskisehir Osmangazi
University, and adolescents aged between 12 and 17, studying in a private
school. The original version of CHIP-AE in English was first translated into
Turkish, and then back translated. All stages of the cultural adaptation were
performed by a specialized committee. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was
conducted on LISREL to test the validity of the instrument.
Results: For the purpose of this study, the Turkish version of the CHIP-AE
(12-17 years) was administered to 252 adolescents receiving inpatient
treatment [148 (58.7%) female; 104 (41.3%) male] and 223 healthy
adolescents [109 (48.9%) female; 114 (51.1%) male]. The average age was
14.32±1.70 in the group of ill adolescents, and 14.57±1.51 in the group of
healthy adolescents. With regard to reliability, Cronbach’s was 0.852 in the
group of ill adolescents, and 0.807 in the group of healthy adolescents.
These values refer to perfect reliability. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)
was conducted to test construct validity. Model fit results obtained in CFA
were as follows: x2
=1622.07, df=1061, p-value=0.000 RMSEA=0.046 in the
group of ill adolescents; and x2
=2082.33, df=1208, p-value=0.000
RMSEA=0.057 in the group of healthy adolescents. Thus, validity results
comply with the standards.
Conclusion: This study suggests that the version developed for Turkish
adolescents has high validity for the groups of both healthy and ill Turkish