Special education in Turkey

Melekoglu M. A., Cakiroglu O., Malmgren K. W.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION, vol.13, no.3, pp.287-298, 2009 (SSCI) identifier identifier


Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This article presents the developments and current status of special education in Turkey. The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of the special education system in Turkey and current developments within the special education field. Topics include a brief history of special education services, an overview of special education laws and regulations, as well as a summary of efforts around inclusion and current directions in teacher training. We conclude by noting several challenges in the ongoing improvement of the quality of special education in Turkey.