Assessment of the migration of perfluorinated compounds and primary aromatic amines from PTFE-coated non-stick cookware marketed in Turkey

Toptancı İ., KETENOĞLU O., Kıralan M.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.29, pp.38535-38549, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-022-18783-1
  • Journal Name: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.38535-38549
  • Keywords: Non-stick cookware, Perfluorooctane sulfonate, Perfluorooctanoic acid, 4,4 '-Methylenedianiline, Aniline, Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, FOOD-CONTACT MATERIALS, KITCHEN UTENSILS, PFOS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Two perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) and 17 different primary aromatic amines (PAAs) were analyzed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) in migrants from 35 cookware samples marketed in Turkey. Among PFCs, only PFOA was identified in 6 samples. Only two components among PAAs, namely aniline (ANL) and 4,4′-methylenedianiline (4,4′-MDA), were detected in analyzed samples. Although aniline was detected in all samples, 4,4′-MDA was detected in only 4 samples. The effects of simulant volume, temperature, and repeated use on the release of these migrants from non-stick cookware were investigated. Three simulant volumes (200, 500, and 1000 mL) were used in migration tests. PFCs and PAAs were identified in simulants at 200 and 500 mL. The increase in the amount of simulant caused a decrease in the concentration of these migrants. The lowest migration values were observed in the samples at consecutive usage cycles. PFCs and PAAs exhibited the highest migration ability with increasing temperature.