Association and Haplotype Analysis of the PON1, ITGB3 and CYP3A4 Genes, Strong Candidates for Familial Coronary Artery Disease Susceptibility

SAYDAM F., DEĞİRMENCİ İ., Birdane A., ÖZBAYER C., ULUS T., Özdemir M., ...More

Online Türk Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.8, no.1, pp.81-88, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Objective: Genetic predisposition is very common among the patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a complex and multifactorial disease. Our objective was to determine the possible association between the most remarkable functional variants in the paraoxonase 1(PON1), cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), integrin subunit beta 3 (ITGB3) genes and familial CAD. Materials and Methods: We included 117 patients diagnosed with familial CAD and 99 healthy subjects with no family history of CAD. PON1 Q192R, PON1 L55M, CYP3A4*1G and ITGB3 L33P single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY system. Results: Comparison of genotype and allele frequencies in inheritance models of polymorphisms between the patient and control groups did not reveal any significant findings related to CAD. Stratified analysis by gender did also not display any association both in females and males. There was no significant difference in the frequencies of the haplotypes of the PON1 Q192R and L55M polymorphisms between the groups. Conclusions: Our findings confirmed previous studies that did not consider PON1, CYP3A4 and ITGB3 genes as risk loci. The fact that our study was conducted only in patients with familial CAD shows the originality and importance of our results.