Evaluation of Pediatric Cutaneous Leishmania Cases


İŞERİ NEPESOV M., KARA Y., KIZIL M. C., KAYA ERDOĞAN H., ÇARMAN K. B., DOĞAN N., ...More

Osmangazi Tıp Dergisi, vol.45, no.6, pp.902-908, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.20515/otd.1321525
  • Journal Name: Osmangazi Tıp Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.902-908
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a disease caused by leishmania-type protozoans, which is transmitted by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies and is characterized by ulcerated nodular lesions. Twenty-one pediatric cutaneous leishmania cases followed by pediatric infectious diseases and dermatology were included in the study. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients, the local or systemic treatments, and side effects were analyzed retrospectively. 14 (66%) of the patients were female and 7 (34%) were male. The mean age of the cases was 6.4 years. Fifteen of the patients were refugees (seven of the patients were from Iraq, and eight of them were from Syria). Ten of the patients ( 47%) had lesions only on the face, 6 (28%) were both on the face and hand, 4 (20%) were on the lower extremities. Seven patients (34%) had a single lesion, fourteen had multiple lesions and seven had more than four lesions. Amastigote was observed in the microbiological examination of skin scraping samples of 13 patients. Intralesional therapy was given to 15 patients, systemic treatment was given to 6 patients, and 2 patients refused systemic treatment. Five patient was given meglumine antimoniate, one patient was given amphotericin B. In one patient, side effects such as facial swelling, rash, and edema developed after amphotericin b, and the treatment was changed to meglumine antimoniate. Leishmaniasis is a chronic disease caused by flagellate protozoa of the genus Leishmania. especially in endemic countries. CL has become a relatively common condition all over the world due to international travel, migration, and refugees. Cutaneous Leishmania should be considered when there are chronic, painless skin lesions outside of endemic areas.