Phylogenetic analysis of Microdochium spp. associated with turfgrass and their pathogenicity in cereals, PeerJ, vol.12, 2024


Ünal F.

PEERJ, vol.12, pp.1-15, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Journal Name: PEERJ
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Turfgrass is frequently used today in the arrangement and aesthetic beautification of grounds in parks, gardens, median strips, recreation and sports areas. In this study, surveys were conduct in turfgrass areas in the three provinces of Türkiye. As a result of isolations from the collected samples, 44 Microdochium isolates obtained belonging to 5 different species including M. bolleyi, M. majus, M. nivale, M. paspali and M. sorghi which have different virulences. Identification of the isolates were performed by rDNA-ITS sequence analyzes. According to the pathogenicity tests results, the most virulent species was M. nivale M62 with a disease severity value of 91.93%. This was followed by M. bolleyi M1584 and M. majus M63, with disease severity values of 91.12% and 91.08%, respectively. The virulence of M. bolleyi isolates varied among the species. Only 13 of the 31 M. bolleyi species were found to be virulent in turfgrass, M. paspali was less virulent than the others in Poa pratensis. The most virulent isolate of each Microdochium species was tested on 4 different cereal varieties. M. sorghi and M. paspali had low virulence values in barley and oat than the other Microdochium species, while the other three species showed high virulence in turfgrass, wheat and barley, other than oat. In the phylogenetic neighboor-joining tree belonging to 44 Microdochium isolates clearly demonstrated that the isolates were grouped into five distinct clusters. M. nivale and M. majus were considered genetically close isolates.