Prognostic significance of tumor budding in muscle invasive urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder

Seker N. S., Tekin E., Özen A., Can C., Colak E., Acikalin M. F.

Annals of Diagnostic Pathology, vol.54, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2021.151786
  • Journal Name: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Tumor budding, Muscle-invasive bladder cancer, Prognosis, SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA, LYMPH-NODE METASTASIS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Elsevier Inc.Objective: The aim of the present study was to analyze the prognostic significance of tumor budding in muscle-invasive urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder, and also to determine an optimal threshold value in evaluation. Patients and methods: The study included 108 patients diagnosed with muscleinvasive conventional urothelial carcinoma between 2010 and 2020. Tumor budding was evaluated on H&E-stained slides. The critical tumor budding number was determined with the “receiver operating characteristics (ROC)” curve. Cases with a tumor budding number of ≤6 were categorized as low, and cases with >6 as high tumor budding. Results: The univariate Cox proportional hazards regression model for recurrence-free survival showed that lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.001), tumor budding (P = 0.012), pT stage (T4 vs. T2) (P = 0.005), and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.009) were significantly associated with recurrence-free survival. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model utilizing backward stepwise (wald) method revealed that only LVI (P = 0.001) was independent risk factor for recurrence-free survival. The univariate Cox analysis showed that lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.001), tumor budding (P = 0.004), pT stage (T4 vs. T2) (P = 0.003), and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001) were significantly associated with overall survival. The multivariate Cox analysis (backward stepwise (wald) method) revealed that tumor focality (P = 0.018), pT stage (T4 vs. T2) (P = 0.015), and lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.002) were independent factors for overall survival. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that the evaluation of tumor budding may be a useful parameter for predicting outcome in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer.