Molecular investigation of proteinase inhibitor (PI) gene in tomato plants induced by Meloidogyne species


Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, vol.19, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s43141-021-00230-2
  • Journal Name: Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: Gene expression, Proteinase inhibitors I gene, nematode, Tomato, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, Meloidogyne chitwoodi, KUNITZ PROTEASE INHIBITOR, POTATO-TUBERS, ARABIDOPSIS, NEMATODES, INSECTS, LEAVES
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: No


Background The plant parasitic nematode genus Meloidogyne parasitize almost all flowering crops. Plants respond with a variety of morphological and molecular mechanisms to reduce the effects of pathogens. Proteinase inhibitors (PI), a special group of plant proteins which are small proteins, involve in protective role in the plants attacked by microorganisms. Still, the plant response using PI against nematodes has not been well understood. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the expression of proteinase inhibitor I (PI-I) gene subsequent the infection of M. incognita, M. javanica, and M. chitwoodi in tomato plants post nematode infections. Molecular methods were used to determine the PI gene expressions at different days post nematode infections in host tissues. Results Results revealed that the population of M. incognita species reached the highest level of nematode population followed by M. javanica and M. chitwoodi, respectively. All Meloidogyne species induced expression of PI-I gene reached at the utmost level at 3 days post infection (dpi) in host tissues. Relative gene expression level was sharply dropped at 7 dpi, 14 dpi, and 21 dpi in M. incognita induced gene expression in host tissues. Similar results were observed in host tissues after infection of M. javanica and M. chitwoodi. Conclusions The commonalities of plant response across a diverse Meloidogyne species interaction and the expression of PI gene may be related to plant defense system. Increased level of PI gene expressions in early infection days in host tissues induced by parasitic nematodes may share resemblances to the mechanisms of resistance on biotrophic interactions.