Âdile Sultan Divanı’nda Ölüm

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İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi, vol.60, no.1, pp.195-213, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Adile Sultan, as the daughter of Mahmud II, was raised in the palace with a very good education. Her helplessness in the face of death, which began with the death of her mother at an early age and continued with the death of her father, brother, husband and children, lasted a lifetime. The death-themed poems of Adile Sultan have different aspects from the poems in the mersiye tradition in Turkish literature. Adile Sultan was a woman who had experienced the beauties of life and was patient with the suffering. Adile Sultan, after losing her only surviving daughter Hayriye Sultan, chose to give up worldly life and seek refuge in sufism. In her Divan, she emphasized the temporality and deception of the world in general; she mentioned the importance of prayer and the necessity of leaving good works behind. Sultan, in addition to the mersiyes, in her kasid and ghazals also deals with death. Contrary to the classical Turkish literature tradition, in her Tahassurname and Iftirakname, she expressed her feelings after losing her relatives. In her Mersiyes, it was found that she complied with the classical style but wrote her feelings and thoughts before death in simple language and using sincere expressions.