THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF DIFFERENT COVER MATERIALS ON HEAT TRANSFER IN FLAT SOLAR COLLECTORS


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TEKKALMAZ M., TİMURALP Ç., SERT Z.

JOURNAL OF THERMAL ENGINEERING, vol.6, no.5, pp.829-842, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.18186/thermal.800158
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ENGINEERING
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.829-842
  • Keywords: Thermal Radiation, Natural Convection, Different Cover Materials, Flat-Plate, Solar Collector, THERMAL PERFORMANCE, PLATE COLLECTORS, LOSS COEFFICIENT, ABSORPTION, SINGLE, AIR, TEMPERATURE, COMPUTATION, RADIATION, NANOFLUID
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, combined thermal radiation and natural convection heat transfer from glass and plastic cover flat solar collectors is examined by varying tilt angle and cover materials. The flat -plate solar collector tilt angle is varied from 0 degrees to 45 degrees. The performance of glass, lexan, and acrylic cover materials is investigated. Numerical simulations have been performed for various solar collector thicknesses exposed to external ambient temperature and wind heat transfer coefficient. Continuity, momentum and the energy equations, along with the Boussinesq approach, are solved with the finite volume method using the SIMPLE algorithm. The cover temperature and the top loss coefficient are calculated for each cover material, collector tilt angle and bottom plate temperature, wind heat transfer coefficient and external ambient temperature. The flow and temperature field are obtained, and the mean convection and radiation Nusselt numbers are calculated for the bottom plate. The analytically and numerically computed glass cover temperatures are found to be in perfect agreement. The top loss coefficient of the plastic cover is lower than that of the glass cover. It is determined that with increasing heat input from the bottom plate, the top loss coefficient and the mean cover material temperature increase linearly. As the external ambient temperature increases, the top loss coefficient and the cover material temperature do not present any significant change.