The dual role of boron in vitro neurotoxication of glioblastoma cells via SEMA3F/NRP2 and ferroptosis signaling pathways


ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/tox.23662
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: boric acid, brain tumor, cancer, cytotoxicity, ferroptosis, Semaphorin, SEMAPHORINS
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


Glioblastoma multiform (GBM) is a malignant tumor cancer that originates from the star-shaped glial support tissues, namely astrocytes, and it is associated with a poor prognosis in the brain. The GBM has no cure, and chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy are all ineffective. A certain dose of Boric acid (BA) has many biochemical effects, conspicuously over antioxidant/oxidant rates. This article sought to investigate the modifies of various doses of BA on the glioblastoma concerning cytotoxicity, ferroptosis, apoptosis, and semaphorin-neuropilin signaling pathway. The Cytotoxic activity and cell viability of BA (0.39-25 mM) in C6 cells were tested at 24, 48, and 72 h using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol, 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT). The IC50 concentration of BA at 1.56 mM was found and cell lysate used for biochemical analysis. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) and ACLS4 levels of ferroptosis, levels of total antioxidant (TAS) and oxidant (TAS) parameters, malondialdehyde (MDA), apoptotic proteins as caspase 3 (CASP3) and caspase 7 (CASP7) were measured. The ferroptosis, semaphoring-neuropilin, apoptotic pathway markers and cell counts were analyzed with flow cytometry, Q-PCR, Western and Elisa technique in the C6 cell lysate. BA triggered ferroptosis in the C6 cells dose-dependently, affecting the semaphorin pathway, so reducing proliferation with apoptotic compared with untreated cell as control group (p < .05). This study revealed that BA, defined as trace element and natural compound, incubated ferroptosis, total oxidant molecules, and caspase protein in a dose-dependently by disrupting SEMA3F in tumor cells.