Influenza Virus Associated Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes

Yener N., Üdürgücü M., Yllmaz R., Kendirli T., Tekerek N. Ü., Evren G., ...More

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, vol.67, no.5, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/tropej/fmab090
  • Journal Name: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: influenza, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pediatric, mechanical ventilation, mortality, morbidity, A H1N1
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.Background and Objective: The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to determine the clinical characteristics, treatment approaches and the course of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) which developed associated with the influenza virus in the 2019-20 season. Methods: Patients included 1 month to 18 years who were diagnosed with PARDS associated with the influenza virus in the 2019-20 season. Results: Sixty-seven patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 64.16 ± 6.53 months, with 60% of the group <5 years. Influenza A was determined in 54 (80.5%) patients and Influenza B in 13 (19.5%). The majority of patients (73.1%) had a comorbidity. Fifty-eight (86.6%) patients were applied with invasive mechanical ventilation, Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference classification was mild in 5 (8.6%), moderate in 22 (37.9%) and severe in 31 (52.5%) patients. Ventilation was applied in the prone position to 40.3% of the patients, and in nonconventional modes to 24.1%. A total of 22 (33%) patients died, of which 4 had been previously healthy. Of the surviving 45 patients, 38 were discharged without support and 7 patients with a new morbidity. Conclusion: Both Influenza A and Influenza B cause severe PARDS with similar characteristics and at high rates. Influenza-related PARDS cause 33% mortality and 15.5% morbidity among the study group. Healthy children, especially those aged younger than 5 years, are also at risk.